Csenge Zalka, fairy tale lobby, fairy tales, fairytales, marion leeper, mary grace ketner, megan hicks, national storytelling network, Priscilla Howe, Vasilisa
Sagacia looked shocked. Shocked! “For heaven’s sake!” she demanded. “What’s gotten into you, Simplia?”
“I’m going over the conclusions to some fairy tales I know. Just off the top of my head, I can’t think of one that ends in ‘happily ever after.'”
“What fairy tale was that one — about the flames of hell?” Sagacia asked.
“‘Davy and the Devil.’ And how ’bout this one: ‘If she can’t be happy there, she can’t be happy anywhere.'”
Sagacia nodded, “I know that one. It’s ‘The Old Woman Who Lived in a Vinegar Bottle.”
“Yep. And this: ‘He found exactly the luck he deserved.'”
“Oh yeah,” said Sagacia. “‘The Man Who Had no Luck.’ Definitely not happily ever after; he got eaten.”
“So where does this Dubious in Dubai fellow get the idea that fairy tales end ‘happily ever after’? They don’t. Not all of them. Not even most of them. Not even many of them. None of them that I know end that way. Who’s perpetrating that myth?”
Sagacia handed her a printout from the website of the International Reading Association and National Council of Teachers of English.
Aside from a couple of eye rolls, Simplia retained her composure until she came to the ninth element:
Elements of Fairy Tales
1. A fairy tale begins with “Once upon a time…”
2. Fairy tales happen in the long ago.
3. Fairy Tales have fantasy and make believe in them.
4. Fairy Tales have clearly defined Good characters vs. Evil characters.
5. Royalty is usually present in a fairy tale, a beautiful princess/handsome
6. There may be magic with giants, elves, talking animals, witches or fairies.
7. Fairy tales have a problem that needs to be solved.
8. It often takes three tries to solve the problem.
9. Fairy tales have happy endings –“they all lived happily ever after.”
10. Fairy tales usually teach a lesson or have a theme.
She spluttered, “What?! This is what teachers are teaching teachers to teach!”
“They mean well,” her friend assured her.
“But they’re wrong!” Simplia insisted. “‘In the red-hot slippers she danced til she fell down dead.’ Oh that’s a happy ending! Cathartic…I’ll give you cathartic. Closure — Yeah, for closure you can’t beat that one. There’s one bad guy who isn’t coming back. A satisfying ending — sure, if you like that sort of thing. But happy?! If Sleeping Beauty, the prince and the seven dwarves were happy with that fairy tale ending, they were as monstrous as the witch!”
Under her breath, Sagacia said, “Actually, I think Angela Carter picked up that very thread in one of her stories.”
Simplia seethed in a stew of righteous indignation. Her friend said, “Think of ‘happily ever after’ the way some of our magical friends have thought about it.”
She laid a pile of papers on the coffee table. Simplia picked up the one on top.
“Oh. Tarkabarka. I’d know that handwriting anywhere. What’s she say this time?”
As for “ever after:” I think it depends on the culture… In Hungarian we say “they lived happily until they died.” It sounds a little depressing, but I like it. …an “ever after” moment…I feel like that’s an issue of closure: After going through so much, we feel like they deserve a point after which they are fine :)
Priscilla Howe picked up the thread:
And as for “…happily ever after” I agree…that it’s an issue of closure. Even though as grownups we know that happily ever is evanescent, I still feel that satisfaction of having been on a difficult journey and then arriving home safely. It’s a way to offer comfort to the listeners in a world that isn’t always comfortable.
Simplia shuffled Marion Leeper’s paper to the top of the stack and read:
I agree… ‘happy ever after’ is a way of saying ‘and now we’ll leave the story in the world of story and come back to reality.’
By this time, the simpler of the Simpletons had settled down a bit.
“Okay,” she said, “I get it. Sort of. Not really, but sort of. ‘Happily ever after’ is an incantation. To close the story.”
“Exactly!” said Sagacia. “And we know how important those closures are. Remember the trouble Big Anthony got into when he didn’t know how to get the pasta pot to quit making pasta. And…well, a neglected incantation explains why the sea is salty.”
“Yeah,” said Simplia. “It’s like a password to let you out of this world where step-mothers might actually feed you a poison apple. But ‘happily ever after’ isn’t the only password available.”
Sagacia nodded. “True. And when you’ve got your brain plugged in better and your head screwed on a little more securely, we’ll explore the rest of these replies…and any others that come our way in the next few days.”
Simplia handed the stack of letters back and sighed, “Right now, I just want to sit here and watch you knit.”
Murzik made his way into her lap, kneading and purring and demanded to be scritched.
“Yeah. Pet the cat and watch you make something out of yarn that isn’t a story.”
Adam Hoffman said:
I’m actually reminded of when I told my own take on “Jack and the Beanstalk”. Since I chose to depict Jack as something of an incorrigible scoundrel with a heart of gold, I chose to end something like this: “I’d like to tell you that they all lived happily ever after, but that kind of suggests that there were calm times and nothing really happened after that. The truth is that Jack never did stop getting himself into and out of trouble. Honestly though, he wouldn’t have it any other way.”
Jack ended up in the prison-industrial complex…where he outwitted the guards and ended up to be the warden, and then the governor!
mary grace ketner said:
That’s a perfect ending for Jack, Adam! You guys are making me smile real, real, big!
Mary Hamilton said:
Can you give a link to the website for that Elements of Fairy Tales printout? True, it’s not correct, but I’d still like to go look at it.
megan hicks said:
Click to access RWTa51-4.pdf
There’s where I found it, Mary. I had a cruise around the entire site today, and it appears to be a really helpful tool for helping teachers (and tellers) get a handle on how to approach teaching the writing of stories. I don’t want to disparage the whole site; but I would like to debunk this little grocery list.
Yeah, pretty much it just means “The End.” One of the traditional endings when telling one of our tribal (Ioway) stories is, “And then I came home” or “And then I came back.” It just is a transition back out of the story-world.
megan hicks said:
Perhaps I take liberties when I speak for Simplia, but I think her problem is not with the h.e.a. formula but with the mistaken impression that that’s how a wonder tale — a fairy tale — is supposed to end.
The devil’s in the details … and so is God … and those little transition details seem so gratuitous, but they do so much.